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StG-44 - Sturm Gewehr 44

Hugo Schmeisser's StG 44 is Considered To be the First Modern Assault Rifle

The World's Original Assault Rifle Dates Back to the Second World War

By Timothy P. Banse

the stg 44 sturmgewehr

Designed by famed weapons designer Hugo Schmeisser, the StG 44 is considered by many historians to be the first modern assault rifle. Jargon buster: the StG acronym stands for Sturmgewehr, which when translated from German means (storm (assault)) rifle.

The StG-44 was chambered for a intermediate power cartridge with case length and bullet weight rather neatly poised between that of a full-power rifle cartridge and pistol ammunition. More specifically, StG's caliber 7.92 X 33mm cartridge case was based on the Mauser 8mm (7.92 X 57mm). The Kurz round provided the foundation for the evolution of the assault rifle, providing both controllable automatic fire and acceptable accuracy at ranges where most combat takes place. The 125-grain spitzer bullet muzzle velocity was 2,250 fps (685 m/s) with muzzle energy of 1,408 foot pounds.

The weapon is gas operated and fires from a closed bolt. Rate of fire varies between 500- and 600-rounds per minute, depending on whether the shooter has selected semi- or full-automatic. When fired in short, fully automatic bursts 2 or 3 rounds) the weapon was quite accurate. The rear leaf sight is graduated to 800 meters, with effective range up to about 400 yards, although the Wermacht claimed an effective range to about 650 yards.

A mass-produced weapon, the receiver, frame, gas cylinder, jacket, and front sight hood are steel stampings. Dented stampings render the rifle subject to jamming. All of the pins in the trigger mechanism are riveted in place so it cannot be disassembled or repaired. The gas piston assembly, bolt, hammer, barrel, gas cylinder, barrel nut and magazine are machined. The weapon is bulky, heavy and a little clumsy.

© Copyright 2013 by Timothy P. Banse

example of a field stripped stg 44 sturmgewehr
Specifications: Kalashnikov AK-12 StG-44/MP44
Caliber Chamberings 5.45X39
5.56X45
7.62X39
7.62X51 NATO
9X39mm
6.5mm Grendel
12-Gauge
7.92 X 33mm Kurz
Action Gas operated
rotary bolt
Gas operated
tipping bolt
Length
Overall
37.2" 37.0"
Barrel
Length
16.3" 16.5"
Weight 7.28 pounds 10.3 pounds
Rate of Fire 600 to 1000 550 to 600
Magazine
Capacity
30-round
30-round
Effective
range
(Meters)
300 to 600